Union of the CSMR > To the history of the USCMR

What the Union of the Committees of Soldiers Mothers of Russia
(before 1998 — the Committee of Soldiers Mothers of Russia)
did for the first time in Russia

The Committee attracted attention of society, mass media and international community to the mass character of human rights violations in the Russian armed forces.

The Committee worked out the methodology and mechanisms of human rights protection in the situation of legal vacuum in the military sphere.

The Committee effectively defended the soldiers who refused to participate in Chechen war by conscious motives.

The Committee organized and supported the soldiers mothers who took their sons from Chechnya to stop the war.

The Committee protected the human rights of Chechen people and of soldiers — it acts on both sides of «the front-line».

1989 — 176 000 students whose education had been interrupted by 2-years military service returned to the auditoriums to continue education.

1990 — the USSR President (M. Gorbatchev) issued Decree on realization of the Committee of Soldiers Mothers proposals.

1990 — Decree on insurance payments in case of soldier’s death is issued.

1990 — the first all-Union Soldiers Mothers Forum «Mothers against violence. Which kind of Army do we need?»

1991 — Amnesty for soldiers-fugitives whose human rights were violated.

1993 — the new democratic Law on military service is accepted which included all amendments, proposed by the CSMR.

1993 - 1994 — the CSMR demands to investigate Russky island tragedy where more than 2000 sailors were dying from hunger, diseases and tortures. The CSMR brings to Russky island a group of about 100 mothers to take their sons home.

1994 - 27 November — the CSMR issues the very first antiwar statement among Russian NGO demanding to stop Chechen war immediately.

1994 - 1996 — the period of active antiwar and peaceful activities of the CSMR during Chechen war.

1995 — the CSMR is honoured with two awards: Shon McBride medal (Germany) and Prof. Rafto Award (Norway) for its human rights and peaceful activities.

1995 — the International Congress of Soldiers Mothers «For Life and Freedom» (Moscow).

1995 - 1996 — 500 soldiers who refused to fight in Chechnya by conscious motives are liberated from criminal punishments because of the CSMR efforts.

1996 — the Conference of soldiers mothers «Chechen War and Human Rights».

1996 — the CSMR is honoured with the Right Livelihood Award (the Alternative Nobel Prize) for its activities in Chechnya and protection of soldiers’ human rights.

1997 — the State Duma accepted the CSMR project of Amnesty for all the participants of Chechen war (on both sides).

1998 - 1999 — the State Duma accepts the CSMR amendments to the Law of the State budget concerning burials and identification of militaries killed in Chechnya.

1998 — the UCSMR began the broad public campaign for Amnesty of 40 000 soldiers-fugitives suffered from human rights violations. In June 1998, the State Duma accepts this Amnesty.

1998 — the UCSMR calls for immediate abolishing the involuntary conscription.

1999 — the UCSMR begins the broad public campaign in order to prove that the official figures of human losses in Chechnya are false.

1999 — the UCSMR issues several Statements and Letters addressed to the highest State Authorities demanding immediately to begin the process of political settlement in Chechnya.

2000 — the UCSMR calls the II International Congress of Soldiers Mothers «For Life and Freedom» (26-27 February, Moscow). 70 committees of soldiers mothers and II Russian and European human rights and peaceful organizations adopted resolutions of the further strategy of soldiers mothers activities.

2000 — the UCSMR is honored with Friedrich Ebert Foundation Award (Germany) for the human rights protection activity.

2002 — the UCSMR calls the III International Congress of Soldiers Mothers «For Life and Freedom» (March, Moscow). 100 regional organizations of soldiers’ mothers of Russia and 14 Russian and international human rights and peace-making organizations adopted resolutions of the further strategy of soldiers mothers activities.

2002 — the UCSMR calls the conference of Soldiers Mothers «Chechen deadlock: where to search a road to peace?» (18-19th October 2002, Moscow).